Because of a simple pest that attacks grape roots, all of Europe's grapes were devastated in the 19th century. The root louse Phylloxera migrated to Europe from the Americas and was to blame. Luckily for the world's wine producers, American grapes were resistant to the insect. Today, virtually all of the world's wine grapes are grown from American rootstock with a European grape variety grafted to it.
The plants arrive as dormant, rooted cuttings. They're stacked horizontally in cardboard boxes and shipped by the major delivery companies. Like most bareroot plants, the grape roots should be soaked in water for hours before planting. This helps reverse any desiccation from the shipping process and supplies the roots with extra moisture so they can get a good start when planted. The plants should remain in the water until ready to be put in the ground.
With the plant in the ground, extra soil is spread around it and it's watered well. Grapes are famous for the depth that their roots can grow, but for young plants it's important that they are regularly watered until strong, with their own established root systems. As always, watering well does not mean saturating the soil. Roots can drown if they are immersed in water. A moist soil is a good soil.
In just a few weeks the vines should bud and begin producing long, green shoots of leaves. It will be about three years before fruit production begins. The plant needs that time to grow a strong root system with enough energy to support grapes. My Concord grapes began producing abundant fruit in the fourth year. It takes patience waiting for the clusters of grapes, but it's well worth the effort.
Grapes can be grown almost everywhere. It's is important to research which types will do best in your region. Colorado vineyards grow a number of different varietals and Colorado State University offers guidance for growers, including a free PDF download of "Colorado Grape Grower's Guide."
I've now had the pleasure of growing my own grapes and planting vines in a vineyard. Both are experiences I highly recommend.